What he ended up with, however, was what he eventually called "the chunky fat book," its cramped pages and tight margins forcing the poet to break his lines frequently so that they fit on the page.
So much for Whitman at this point seemed split in two—New York and Washington, antebellum and postbellum, Leaves and Passage to India, poetry and prose. In the fateful year ofthe fate of the United States was unclear, and no one knew whether it would emerge from its internecine conflict stronger than before or utterly destroyed.
One of the most controversial is the absence of a period at the end of the long poem later titled "Song of Myself": Whitman finally agreed that Rossetti could omit any poems in which he found anything objectionable, but he could not alter poems.
When he ran out of the already printed and unbound copies of Drum-Taps and Sequel, he issued a version with only Leaves and Songs Before Parting. There have been reports of other variations as well—a copy with Drum-Taps and Songs Before Parting but without Sequel.
His dream now was to have working people carry his poetry with them and read it during breaks: Chapin with the Leaves, served as a publisher under contract but assumed little or none of the costs of compositing or printing the book; Whitman paid the bills.
Rand and Avery print shop. Thayer and Eldridge, a new they went into business in late but Whitmans i sing the body electric very reputable Boston publisher specializing in abolitionist texts, had written to Whitman in Februarysaying that they wanted to publish the next edition of his poems.
Duckett was Whitmans i sing the body electric when Whitman bought his house at Mickle Street.
So he designed and helped set type for the first edition—sitting in the printing shop while the book was being printed, reading proof, and making changes literally as the book was in press—and then designed his second edition ; when in he got a contract from a Boston publisher for the third edition of Leaves, he immediately left for Boston to oversee the production, sitting for weeks with the typesetters, carefully selecting the wildly divergent typefaces, designing the enigmatic decorations, and choosing the binding.
The edition does, however, have the heft and feel of a Bible. ChaseSecretary of the Treasury, hoping he would grant Whitman a position in that department. There come moods when these clothes of ours are not only too irksome to wear, but are themselves indecent. Whitman reportedly said that by the mids he was "simmering, simmering, simmering; Emerson brought me to a boil.
Alvord from stereotype plates. Late in his life, Whitman regretted making his compromise with Rossetti, allowing an expurgated edition to appear: He would title all the poems in this volume and include in the title of each poem the word "Poem," as in "Poem of Women" or "Poem of Salutation," as if to underscore the genre he was now claiming for his work.
As the last antebellum edition of Leaves;, this book appeared on the edge of the Civil War. The first census of the edition was just conducted this year; over copies of the book have now been located, and there are probably another fifty or so in private collections, so it appears that about of the original survive.
On the manuscript sheet on which Whitman indicates he left five pages of his book manuscript with Andrew Rome fig. He had absorbed the war into his book, and he felt he needed to turn to something new.
This claim has never been corroborated. For the second binding, Whitman gave up some of the goldstamping and the gilded edges, along with the marbled endpapers, and then, for the final binding, he used a cheap and plain paper wrapper, with no decorations. He did not get out at the end of the trip—in fact went all the way back with me.
The printing is unimaginative, the bindings in two forms insubstantial, and the variations maddening. He carried with him his notebooks in which he had carefully recorded the array of typefaces he wanted to use in this wildly mixed typographical volume figs.
Thayer and Eldridge, like so many publishers after the beginning of the Civil War, went out of business by the end ofand their projected long relationship with Whitman never materialized though Whitman and Eldridge would stay close friends and would meet again in Washington during the war.
Whitman was clearly present while Andrew Rome ran his hand-inked iron-bed press with four-up printing, printing four pages at a time on quarto sheets and forming a book with twelve eight-page signatures.
The cause of death was officially listed as " pleurisy of the left side, consumption of the right lung, general miliary tuberculosis and parenchymatous nephritis. His mother, having fallen ill, was also there and died that same year in May. Whitman ultimately published the book on his own: Throughout his life, Whitman retained an intimate association with the publishers of his books, worrying over the tiniest physical details.
You can nominate a fair number of literary works as candidates for the secular Scripture of the United States. Working with the larger page size clearly was a challenge, and, since the small shop would have been distributing type after each quarto was printed before setting the next eight pages, Whitman was clearly calculating on the run, rearranging his poems to accommodate the size, giving up his repeated "Leaves of Grass" title which he puts before the first six poems so that he can squeeze the six short poems he has moved to the end into the final two signatures.
No publisher was interested in producing what seemed an odd and inelegant group of twelve untitled poems. The Schoff engraving gives us a more elegant and full-faced Whitman, presumably sitting, with shirt, jacket, and tie.
One reviewer called the book a "plain slight volume. This color change is significant.Walter "Walt" Whitman (/ ˈ hw ɪ t m ə n /; May 31, – March 26, ) was an American poet, essayist, and journalist.A humanist, he was a part of the transition between transcendentalism and realism, incorporating both views in his killarney10mile.comn is among the most influential poets in the American canon, often called the father of free verse.
His work was very controversial in its time. “I sing the body electric, The armies of those I love engirth me and I engirth them, They will not let me off till I go with them, respond to them, And discorrupt them, and charge them full with.
Walt Whitman as a Maker of Books. Walt Whitman is the only major American poet of the nineteenth century to have an intimate association with the art of bookmaking. Free Whitman Song of Myself papers, essays, and research papers.Download