The first successful test of the atomic weapon was held on July l6, An excellent short account is in Baxter, Scientists Against Time, pp.
They advised President Truman that an attempt to invade and subdue the Japanese on their home islands was likely to cost at least 1, American battle casualties. Stimson, wartime Secretary of War and the man who more than any other was responsible for advising the President in this matter.
Though her industries had been seriously crippled by air bombardment and naval blockade and her armed forces were critically deficient in many of the resources of war, Japan was still far from surrender. Viking Press, ; Statement of W. It was, said Admiral William D. Clayton, Assistant Secretary of State, and Drs.
On the other hand, War Minister Korechika Anami and the chiefs of the army and navy staffs adamantly refused to accept the terms of the Potsdam agreement. Approximately 50 seconds after release, a bright flash lit up the cockpit, where everyone had donned dark goggles.
What more striking justification of the Manhattan Project than a new weapon that had ended the war in one sudden blow and saved countless American lives? Truman made the fateful decision to unleash atomic weapons on Japan, contemporaries and historians have debated the morality, necessity, and consequences of the choice.
It had been agreed that Sweeney would not linger more than 15 minutes over the rendezvous point, but he circled for 45 minutes looking for Hopkins.
While Sweeney flew, Albury called the tower for landing instructions. The Truman Committee had already made inquiries, but its investigators were called off at the request of Mr.
The components of the bombs had been sent by cruiser to Tinian in May and the fissionable material was flown out in mid-July. There were at least two methods that could be used to produce an explosion, both expensive but possible.
Preparations for the Honshu assault would continue, but no final decision would be made until preparations had reached the point "beyond which there would not be opportunity for a free choice.
In the first place, the Americans did not know the exact date on which the Soviet Union would declare war but believed it would be within a week or two of 8 August.
Proximity fuses that produced an air burst, a feature of the atomic bombs, were installed.
After considerable discussion of casualties and of the difficulties ahead, President Truman made his decision. That question, it will be recalled, had been discussed by the Scientific Panel on 16 June and at the White House meeting with the Joint Chiefs of Staff, the service Secretaries, and Mr.
The briefings and all the practice we had on evasive tactics now had special meaning. However, the area was completely covered by clouds and smoke, hence no ground damage could be observed. In the opinion of the intelligence experts, neither blockade nor bombing alone would produce unconditional surrender before the date set for invasion.
We have used it in order to shorten the agony of young Americans.
He would have been aware of the brutality, racism and fanaticism routinely displayed by the Japanese military; the cruelty towards, and frequent murder of prisoners of war and non-combatants; the raping and looting; the mass slaughter of Chinese civilians; and the willingness to fight to the last man and never surrender.The Decision To Use the Atomic Bomb.
The Army Forces in World War II, Vol. V, The Pacific, would shorten the war and lessen the cost. There has long been a scholarly debate about whether it was necessary for the United States to use atomic weapons to bring World War II to an end.
Traditionalists say yes: If not for Fat Man and Little Boy, Japan would have fought to the last man. The Pacific War Web-site also addresses these issues under the index heading "Imperial Japan's Path to World War II". What President Truman said about America using the atomic bomb on Japan.
In examining this topic, it is important to have regard to the considerations that led to President Truman's decision to use the atomic bomb on Japan.
It was the second atomic bomb, scientists in Germany and Japan were also considering the potential of atomic energy for war use.
Pacific War, World War II. Which of the following arguments decided the debate over using the atomic bomb against Japan in ? c. Using the bomb would shorten the war and avoid heavy casualties among invading troops. On the 70th anniversary of Hiroshima-Nagasaki, a new collection of US, Japanese, and Russian documents on the use of the atomic bomb and the end of World War II.Download