The outcomes of these two struggles were very different. OverHuguenots fled the country. As an example, Brandenburg-Prussia under the Great Elector, Frederick William, became a much sort after ally which brought money to Brandenburg-Prussia.
Under the Edict, the Calvinist Huguenots were granted towns where they might practice their faith. Three significant consequences for the future resulted from the Fronde: Although he was a Cardinal of the Catholic church, Richelieu was not a fanatic. Pufendorf argued that only a defensive war was justified, and arbitration should be used to settle peacetime disputes.
When this system broke down, a country could descend into civil war. This rebellion was driven by the great feudal lords and sovereign courts as a reaction to the rise of royal power in France.
The arts, however, flourished under his rule because of his great patronage and the French Renaissance was at its pinnacle. England continued to be mainly agricultural with very slow movements toward urbanization and although much money was squandered with James I, Charles I, and the Civil War, Cromwell made sure that did not happen.
The Edict of Fontainebleau in removed the former policy of tolerance to French Huguenot, as formalized by the Edict of Nantes A more subtle tactic was the demolition of a number of fortified castles still owned and occupied by members of the nobility.
This The development of absolutism in france only raised money easily, it also enhanced loyalty, as those to whom he sold the office were legally bound to him. Louis" to genuinely care about his people. It was still a basically agriculturally based country so that was the majority of the exports.
Works of art were required to glorify the state as personified by the king, rather than expressions of individualism. During this time the art of war was dominated by the defensive, mainly due to the emphasis on fortification and the innovations of a brilliant French engineer, Vauban.
In he even went as far as revoking the Edict of Nantes, which gave Huguenots, or French Protestants, the right to worship in specified towns around the country.
English history saw a very chaotic century that eventually smoothed out into the foundation for their government from that point on. These similar techniques were used, but while England kept the majority of its money safely in the treasury, France wasted its money on more fruitless wars.
He never fully relaxed from the part he considered himself playing, but did enjoy music and the theatre, and occasionally used them as backdrops for his court. The politics of England during the 17th century follow two absolute monarchs, a dictator, two more monarchs, and then the first constitutional monarch ever.
When the Puritans came out on top their practices were extremely brutal toward Anglicans and Catholics. The foremost of these aspects being the political, economic, religious and social situations. He lured them to his new, beautiful palace of Versailles, which was made the seat of the government in It is ironic, then, that the more unified England should wind up with distributed power, vested largely in Parliament, while the French wound up with a brittle autocratic rule that would be spectacularly smashed in the French Revolution.
There are several aspects of each country that are interesting to compare. Richelieu hand picked his own successor, Jules, Cardinal Mazarin an Italian known for his love of money and finery.
At the end of the war, the province of Alsace was French. Peasants were on the verge of starvation due to poor harvests; wolves, and bands of demoralized soldiers were a constant danger, and the population shrinking.
The result was a revolt known as the "Fronde" which lasted from to This eliminated another source of badly needed revenue. The most commonly studied form of absolutism is absolute monarchy, which originated in early modern Europe and was based on the strong individual leaders of the new nation-states that were created at the breakup of the medieval order.
One major obstacle to absolutism is the power of the nobles. In France power became far more centralized than in England.
The development of the first Constitutional Monarchy was the first step toward Democracy and modern day governing. Louis XIV, with the help of his minister of financeJean-Baptiste Colbertreplaced them with royal appointees drawn largely from the merchant classwho were generally better educated and whose titles were revocable and not hereditary.
Religious society also became much more integrated. In one instance, Louis visited a minister whom he planned to remove, and was served on gold plates with gold flatware, and even saw large salt water pools filled with fish. Both countries use extreme mercantilism to benefit their countries and to fund their wars.
Louis appointed Jean Baptiste Colbert as controller general of finances. At Versailles, the aristocracy were removed from their provincial power centers and came under the surveillance and control of the royal government. Richelieu continued the process of undermining the power of the nobles through the use of intendants.The absolutism in France is unquestionably embodied by Louis XIV, the king of France for 72 years and the ruling king for 54 years.
He was 5 when he became king, but Cardinal Mazarin was the regent until he was Absolutism in France. The Foundations of French Absolutism: When Henry IV became King of France inhe inherited a royal killarney10mile.comts were on the verge of starvation due to poor harvests; wolves, and bands of demoralized soldiers were a constant danger, and the population shrinking.
Absolute monarchy in France slowly emerged in the 16th century and became firmly established during the 17th century. Absolute monarchy is a variation of the governmental form of monarchy in which all governmental power and responsibility emanates from and is centered in the monarch.
Absolutism and France Keywords absolutism divine right Edict of Nantes Political Testament Absolutism in France Absolutism developed most completely in France and reached its climax with the aged economic development throughout France by building roads, including a national highway system, clearing land for additional.
Actually, at a time when the rulers of France were becoming more and more absolutist, England was moving away from absolutism. The seventeenth century was the time of Louis XIV, who presumably. After his death, Cardinal Richelieu, governing in place of the underage king, continued to build absolutism, centralizing the government, diminishing the power of the nobility, making France a world power, and opposing the Protestants.Download